Competencias personales en estudiantes españoles que siguen distintas trayectorias académicas. Aportaciones y reflexiones desde la Psicología Positiva.

Santos Orejudo Hernández, Lucía Aparicio Moreno, Jacobo Cano Escoriaza


En este trabajo se analizan en una muestra de 332 adolescentes españoles con distintas trayectorias académicas las relaciones entre cuatro constructos cognitivos emergentes en el campo de la psicología positiva: el optimismo disposicional, la esperanza, la autoeficacia y el sentido de coherencia. Los resultados ponen de manifiesto que se encuentran diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los adolescentes que han seguido trayectorias académicas de éxito, independientemente de su orientación a la universidad u otras preferencias académicas. Por su parte, se encuentran interrelaciones entre todos los constructos considerados, que si bien pueden definir un perfil de desarrollo positivo adolescente, también suponen distintos elementos del funcionamiento humano que hay que conocer y desarrollar para promover dicho desarrollo positivo adolescente.

Palabras clave

Optimismo, desarrollo positivo adolescente, emociones, sistema educativo.

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