Identification of emotional schemes and their association with symptoms of anxiety and depression in Mexican adults

Héctor Velázquez-Jurado, Daniel Niño-Tamayo, Carlos G. Castro, Athena Flores Torres, Oswaldo Briseño González


Besides being the product of an interpretation of reality, emotions are an object of interpretation themselves. Leahy (2002) suggests three ways to process them, on the one hand, emotions are normalized, adaptively expressed and validated or else, treated with emotional and cognitive avoidance or, otherwise interpreted in a negative way. According to Leahy, individuals have implicit theories of emotion and emotion regulation. The research literature suggests scales for emotions associated with the development of anxiety and depression, as well as the development maladaptive behavior. Nevertheless, to date, a pattern of emotional processing based on Leahy’s proposed mechanisms, which can anticipate the development of depression and (or) anxiety has not been established. The objective of the present study consisted of identifying emotional schemas associated with levels of anxiety or depression as well as finding forms of emotional evaluation according to the participant´s symptomatology. Participants included 325 Mexican adults, 148 men, and 177 women, with mean age of 39 + 13.9, most of them currently living in Mexico City and with undergraduate studies. None of them had a former diagnosis of mental illness. The results suggest that the lack of ability to comprehend emotions, minimizing them, the belief that one´s emotions are unique or a sign of abnormality, as well as emotional rumination turned out as predictors of depressive and anxiety symptomatology.

Palabras clave

Emotional Schema Therapy; Meta emotion; Emotion regulation; Metacognition.

Texto completo:


  • Dra. Patricia Ortega Andeane. Editora       
  • Mtra. Maricela Irepan Aguilar. Editora Asociada
  • Dr. Octavio Salvador Ginez. Editor Asociado                                             ISSN digital: 2007-0810