Effects of Drugs: Anti-Punishment and Anti-Conflict Procedures

Erin B. Rasmussen

Abstract


Anxiolytic drugs are said to reduce internal states (e.g., anxiety) that are induced by the presentation of aversive events, leading to a release of behavior that has been suppressed. The objective of the present paper is to discuss two categories of procedures that are often used interchangeably-- anti-punishment (procedures that release punished behavior) and anti-confl ict (procedures that reduce avoidance behavior). Similarities and differences between the two categories of procedures are reviewed, emphasizing distinctions between theoretical, methodological, and pharmacological specifi cs. The anxiety-as-explanation issue is discussed also, in terms of possibly obscuring the behavioral and pharmacological mechanisms that are involved with drugs that “release” behavior.


Keywords


Anxiolytic drugs, anti-punishment, anti-confl ict, anxiety, explanation, behavioral mechanisms, pharmacological mechanisms.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5514/rmac.v32.i1.24950


Editor in Chief:

Dr. Carlos J. Flores-Aguirre

editor_general@rmac-mx.org

ISSN: 0185-4534

ISSN Electrónico: 2007-0802