Orthodontists and patient´s aesthetic perception to different types of profi les modifi ed by a computer program

María Fernanda Quiroz, Enrique Grageda

Resumen


Introduction: The concept of facial beauty and profile harmony play a decisive role in social relationships of all people. Therefore, it is intensely studied in scientific research.

Objective: Assess esthetic perception that dentists, orthodontists and patients discern on  computer-modified profiles.

Materials: Using two Dolphin Imaging and Management ® program modified profiles, assessment made by 30 patients, 30 orthodontists and 30 maxillofacial surgeons attached to the Graduate School, National School of Dentistry, National University of Mexico.

Methods . Photographs and cephalographs of a Mexican man and a woman were used. Position of upper and lower jaws were modified by the  Dolphin Imaging and Management ® program, so as to create two sequences. 90 subjects ( 30 orthodontists, 30 maxillofacial surgeons and 30 patients of the Graduate School) assessed profiles in the visual, analogical scale. SPSS was used to process statistical analysis.

Scores given by surgeons, orthodontists and patients for each profile were compared with the help of  Kruskall-Wallis tests.

Results. Reliability within evaluators was deemed as “good”. Facial attraction perception of orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons was generally in agreement. Patients thought otherwise. Interactions of anterior-posterior and vertical dimension, as well as amount of change between each dimension influences perception of facial attraction

Conclusions: Results suggest that facial attractiveness preferences among orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons were generally in agreement. This information can help clinicians to plan treatment and suggest recommendations.


Palabras clave


Aesthetics, profile, perception

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/fo.1870199xp.2012.16.3-ING.34059


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ISSN: 1870-199X