Treatment of craniofacial region wounds caused by dog bite

Víctor Rodrigo Velázquez Reyes, Martín Gilberto Flores Ávila,, Arturo Gómez Pedroso Balandrano


Patients arriving with dog bite lesions in the craniofacial region are treated at the Maxillofacial Surgery Service. These patients require inter-consultation with the maxillofacial surgery service. Patients wounds are cleansed with a three-fold (solution in thirds) solution for 30 minutes, to then proceed to wound closure. Other protocols are restricted to wound closure and cleansing and antibiotic administration. Wounds caused by animal bites are complicated. These wounds can be macerating, sharp, lacerating or avulsive. Antibiotic, tetanus and rabies prophylaxis are indispensable. The most important aspect is cleansing and primary closure of the wound. Post-surgical treatment includes tight control to prevent or control infection and when needed, secondary revision of the scar with reconstruction purposes. In the present study, data from 58 patients were gathered. The following variables were examined: data on existing or non-existing infection according to region, age, gender, exposition time from the moment of aggression to hospital treatment, as well as anatomical region of the lesion.

Palabras clave

Wounds, dog-bites, risk factors, infections

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